- 1664 N Virginia Street MS 322, Reno, Nevada
“The Basque Studies Library’s Digital Collection is composed of images from a multitude of photographers showcasing the Basque Experience both in the American West and Europe.
We are pleased to share with you a small sampling from our photo archives that span from 1870 to the present. They include images of life in the Basque Country and the diaspora; sheepherding, arborglyphs, dancers, and Basque festivals in the American West; and important occasions in Nevada’s history. Politics, art exhibits, games, restaurants, and monuments to family memories are also represented in the collection.
The story commences in the 1850s when a few Basque Argonauts in the California gold fields became disillusioned with the miner’s lot and turned their hand to sheep raising. The middle period began in the 1870s as Basque sheepmen spread throughout the American West; this period lasted into the early twentieth century, when crowding on the range and federal legislation controlling access to it effectively halted the expansion. The final phase was ushered in by the Taylor Grazing Act(1934) which banished the itinerant sheepman fromthe western scene and converted herding into a low-paid, dead-end occupation rather than an avenue of opportunity for an entrepreneur aspiring to build his own sheep outfit.”
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